During the Art Nouveau period, Hungary was part of the Austrian Hungarian empire. In 1867, the Ausgleich set a dual monarchy (Austria - Hungary) that gave some autonomy to hungarians but the claim of their sovereignty continued and reach a climax at the beginning of the XXth century. The quest of national identity invested largely the hungarian cultural field. Hungary had a specific national representation (hungarian pavilion) in two of the main exhibitions of that time : the 1900 world fair in Paris and the 1906 international exhibition in Milano (Italy). Economically, in 1906, the tulip movement against the economic power of Austria led to a boycot of Austrian goods.

At that time also, Budapest have grown from the 1860ies even faster than the other european metropoles and building activity was very high.


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An artist colony was set there. It was speciallised in tapistery introducing in Hungary the French technique "haute lisse" of the Gobelins and using Art Nouveau patterns.


Zsolnay ceramics factory : 

Created in 1862 and bought to his brother by Vilmos Zsolnay in 1865, it is very dynamic at the turn of the century under the leadership of Vinsce Wartha, a chemist who invented the famous Eosin glaze. Zsolnay ceramics were also influenced by the traditional hungarian culture (shape and patterns) which gave them a real originality.

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